[5][6], Most maples are trees growing to a height of 10–45 m (33–148 ft). The silver maple can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–9. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. This was the fourth tree added to the game, added on May 10th, 2020. [24] The Cherokee Indians would produce a purple dye from maple bark, which they used to dye cloth. Maple wood is also used for the manufacture of wooden baseball bats, though less often than ash or hickory due to the tendency of maple bats to shatter if they do break. Water. A range between 6 and 7 is ideal. Take 4-inch (10 cm.) The green seeds are released in pairs, sometimes with the stems still connected. When fully ripe, … You should plant your Maple Tree in an area that gets full to partial sun. Maple trees are found in Europe, Asia and North America, particularly the northeastern portion of the United States. A small number of species differ in having palmate compound, pinnate compound, pinnate veined or unlobed leaves. Particularly popular are Norway maple (although it is considered invasive in North America), silver maple, Japanese maple, and red maple. The silver and sugar maple trees are found in the same region, and they produce red, orange and yellow leaves during autumn. The genus is subdivided by its morphology into a multitude of sections and subsections. [23], Maples have a long history of use for furniture production in the United States. Maple trees are more than a source of maple syrup. Many drums are made from maple. This condition occurs randomly in individual trees of several species, and often cannot be detected until the wood has been sawn, though it is sometimes visible in the standing tree as a rippled pattern in the bark. Maple is also often used to make bassoons and sometimes for other woodwind instruments like maple recorders. Maples are deciduous, losing their leaves in winter. Their lush and thick canopies provide unparalleled levels of shade from the summer heat. A few species, notably Acer cappadocicum, frequently produce root sprouts, which can develop into clonal colonies.[4]. These trees germinate best in cold weather that's at least 34 degrees Fahrenheit. Big-Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) The big-leaf maple is appropriately named. Charcoal from maples is an integral part of the Lincoln County Process used to make Tennessee whiskey. Version 9, June 2008 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Maples are important as sources of syrup and wood. The necks of the Fender Stratocaster and Telecaster were originally an entirely maple one piece neck, but later were also available with rosewood fingerboards. The tree turns a yellow-orange color during the fall, but the roots can penetrate sewer pipes and sidewalks. While grown commercially for its sweet syrup and value as lumber, sugar maple also makes an attractive addition to your backyard. [11][12], Maples are affected by a number of fungal diseases. The closest relatives of the maples are the horse chestnuts. When put in family Sapindaceae, genus Acer is put in subfamily Hippocastanoideae. Outside this area, unless spread naturally it is considered non-native, usually as a result of cultivation. From the 1970s to the 1990s, maple drum kits were a vast majority of all drum kits made, but in recent years, birch has become popular for drums once again. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! Trees are plants that are currently the only sources of Wood.Six trees can be bought from the Seeds Merchant, which are Basic Trees (Oak), Maple Trees, Pine Trees, Avocado trees, Birch Trees, and Hickory Trees, but there are 3 island-exclusive trees, which are the Lemon tree, Apple tree, and Orange tree.All players will begin … The maple syrup industry is concentrated in Quebec, Canada and worth about half a billion Canadian dollars annually.[20]. Due to its weight, very few solid body guitars are made entirely from maple, but many guitars have maple necks, tops or veneers. They have four or five sepals, four or five petals about 1 – 6 mm long (absent in some species), four to ten stamens about 6 – 10 mm long, and two pistils or a pistil with two styles. It grows faster than Norway or sugar maple, but considerably slower than silver maple, making it a better choice in urban landscaping. The U.S. Forest Service has identified red maple as the most prevalent tree in the eastern U.S. Also called roughbark maple, this versatile, small maple tree grows well in sun or shade and develops interesting ridges or knobs on the trunk as it matures. In horticultural applications a dimethoate spray will solve this. The fibers have relatively thick walls that prevent collapsing upon drying. International Union for Conservation of Nature, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, "Rooting and Dating Maples (Acer) with an Uncorrelated-Rates Molecular Clock: Implications for North American/Asian Disjunctions", "Auburn University Entomology and Plant Pathology | Greenstriped Mapleworm", September 18, 2003 Asian Longhorned Beetle discovered in York Region, "Tennessee Whiskey Gets a Legal Definition", "Quebec increases maple syrup production amid internal revolt, foreign competition", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maple&oldid=992001837, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 23:31. Maple species, such as Acer rubrum, may be monoecious, dioecious or polygamodioecious. Some maple wood has a highly decorative wood grain, known as flame maple, quilt maple, birdseye maple and burl wood. Some species of maple are extensively planted as ornamental trees by homeowners, businesses, and municipalities due to their fall colour, relatively fast growth, ease of transplanting, and lack of hard seeds that would pose a problem for mowing lawns. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) is considered to possess a slow-to-medium rate of growth. Amur maple (Acer ginnala) and Norway maple (Acer platanoides) are invasive in North America. Growing maple trees from cuttings is an easy way to get free saplings for your garden. Maple is harder and has a brighter sound than mahogany, which is another major tonewood used in instrument manufacture.[27]. Electric guitar necks are commonly made from maple, having good dimensional stability. Of the 125 Acer species found worldwide, over two-thirds grow in China; 10 are native to Canada, and others are grown as ornamentals, with some (such as Norway maple, A. platanoides), becoming naturalized in parts of Canada. Sugar maple wood—often known as "hard maple"—is the wood of choice for bowling pins, bowling alley lanes, pool cue shafts, and butcher's blocks. Dried wood is often used for the smoking of food. The trees were a staple in many new towns and … People often call them "helicopters" due to the way that they spin as they fall. Plot's Elm – English … And as always, well-drained soil is ideal for your Maple Trees. For an array of shapes, sizes, and colors, including bright scarlet, crimson, orange, and yellow fall foliage, consider a Japanese Maple when looking for a small tree. The oldest known fossil definitive representative of genus Acer was described from a single leaf found in Alaska from the Lower Paleocene. Les Paul desired an all maple guitar, but due to the weight of maple, only the tops of Gibson's Les Paul guitars are made from carved maple, often using quilted or flamed maple tops. [1] There are approximately 128 species, most of which are native to Asia,[2] with a number also appearing in Europe, northern Africa, and North America. The type species of the genus is the sycamore maple, Acer pseudoplatanus, the most co… Sooty bark disease, caused by Cryptostroma species, can kill trees that are under stress due to drought. Maple trees are a versatile tree that can grow almost anywhere. Most species require stratification in order to germinate, and some seeds can remain dormant in the soil for several years before germinating.[4].
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