They are discernable by their opposite leaf arrangement and their veined and lobed. Maples, plants in the genus Acer, are among the loveliest of trees, and Washington has three outstanding species: big-leaf maple, vine maple and Douglas maple are all valued ornamentals, but each has a situation in which it shines. If you live in the Pacific Northwest, specifically Oregon, this is a killer guide: https://oregonstate.edu/trees/dichotomous_key/index.html, I HIGHLY recommend this book by OSU. Ulmus canescens. Pricing/Availability: Should be very moderately priced, though figured pieces such as curly or quilted grain patterns are likely to be much more expensive. For a maple tree with large leaves, the big leaf maple fits the bill. Long leaf stalk with milky sap. As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Each lobe is less than four inches in size. Turns, glues, and finishes well, though blotches can occur when staining, and a pre-conditioner, gel stain, or toner may be necessary to get an even color. Tree Leaf Identification: Begin with the basics – bark, leaves, branch structure, flowers, and fruit. Watch video of wood finish being applied. Leaves: Simple, opposite, and deciduous. The lamina, or the leaf blade, is the flat area where photosynthesis occurs, while the petiole is the stalk that connects the lamina to the stem. Although the silver maple‘s … Bigleaf maple tends to have more uniform medium-width rays, while hard maple has a greater range of wide and narrow rays. A typical maple tree leave has 3 to 9 veins in each leading to a lobe. The leaves fall in November. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. June 3, 2003. In order, Crimson king maple, sugar maple and big leaf maple. The leaf of a bigleaf maple lives up to the tree’s name, possessing in some instances a width of 1 foot. In winter, buds are easily distinguished. The diameter of the truck is between 36-48 inches (90 cm -120 cm). The tree stands apart in its identification due to its distinctly shaped and arranged … Workability: Fairly easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though maple has a tendency to burn when being machined with high-speed cutters such as in a router. Botanical name: Acer monspessulanum Diagnostic Characters: Big-Leaf Maple is easily recognizable by its large 5-lobed leaves–often 12-inches (30cm) across, but sometimes much smaller– 6” (15cm).  In the spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters emerge before or with the leaves.  The seeds are the typical paired, winged samaras or “helicopter seeds” of maple trees. The leaves of hard maple are a dark green with a lighter green on the underside. Wetland designation: FACU, Facultative upland, it usually occurs in non-wetland but is occasionally found in wetlands. Growth: Big-Leaf Maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it ages.  It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall.  It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow nearly as wide as it is tall.  The trunk can grow to be more than 3 feet (1m) in diameter.  Big-Leaf Maples may live to be 200 years old. Compared with a simple leaf, the little leaves that make up a compound leaf are called leaflets and can be arranged in one of two ways: pinnately or palmately. Maple tolerates moisture stress as low as -20 bars (-2 MPa, nocturnal), which is a low value for broadleaved deciduous trees. Big-leaf maple trees are hardy from in USDA growing zones 7-10 and grow along the Pacific coast to the west side of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada mountains. While most of the species are native to Asia, quite a large number of them also grow in Europe, North America, and northern Africa. https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/ec1450, https://oregonstate.edu/trees/dichotomous_key/index.html. Dmitri Kotchetov/EyeEm/Getty Images. For a large shade tree, choose the big-leaf maple. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. The Bigleaf Maple. Big leaf maple can grow 9 feet in a single year and it can live as long as 300 years. The ends of the lobes are pointed. It is considered to be in the grouping of soft maples , and its wood is lighter, softer, and weaker than that of hard maple. The Bigleaf maple is botanically called Acer macrophyllum. Palmately lobed (5 lobes) with the central lobe having a distinct "waist." Lookalikes/Substitutes: Bigleaf maple is more or less indistinguishable from other soft maples such as red maple (Acer rubrum), however, it can usually be separated from hard maple (A. saccharum) not only on the basis of weight, but also ray width. Here are a couple more Mayapple leaves. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight, but may be wavy. Size: Grows to 100' tall and 4' in diameter. The Red Maple, a relatively fast-growing deciduous tree, becomes more spreading with age and is often one of the first trees to change color in autumn. Comments: Bigleaf maple is appropriately named, as its leaves  (illustrated below) are the largest of any maple, commonly reaching an overall width of 6 to 12 inches (15-30 cm) across. Salix hookeriana . Its leaves seem quite unique with their peltate attachment of the leaf to the stem. Montpellier Maple. Leaves: Simple, opposite, and deciduous. Primarily a coastal species. Lumber and veneer especially when figured grain is present. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. Leaves turn … Very large. Types of Acer Maple Trees Bigleaf maple is known for its (occasional) quilted grain patterns. Size: Grows to 100' tall and 4' in diameter. The leaf shapes mentioned in this identification guide also apply to other plants such as flowers, shrubs, and bushes. The autumn colours is orange to red. Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. The form of the maple leaf on the Canadian flag is familiar to most people, but trying to identify all maple tree leaves from that one outline poses problems. If the leaflets are arranged in rows up along a single center vein, it is a pinnately compound leaf. Plant identification by their leaves. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. Tree Identification Field Guide. There is much more to identifying … The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be all permeable soils, floodplains, tolerates soil lacking in … Big-Leaf Maple                                                                                The Maple Family–Aceraceae. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. ©J.S. The color is glossy dark green. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). ive Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Dune Willow. It is 3-6 cm (2.2-2.4 in) long and 3-7 cm (1.3-2.8 in) broad. Fall color is greenish yellow, vibrant scarlet or burgundy. Has a fine, even texture. Downy Hawthorn. The leaf of montpellier maple is small and three-lobed. The flowers are harvested in spring when they are budding on the tip and fully open at the base of the flower cluster. Large Leaved American Lime. The leaf is hard and the margin is smooth. The wood has been used to make piano frames and the tree can be tapped for maple … Palmately lobed (5 lobes) with the central lobe having a distinct "waist." Downy Japanese Maple. When you see a tree covered with moss, you can be pretty sure it is probably a Big-Leaf Maple!  As the moss-layer thickens and begins to decompose enough soil is sometimes created for tree seedlings to germinate. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m (99 - 131 ft) high. Maple trees are deciduous trees, which belong to the Aceraceae family, and have about 128 different species. The leaves are lobed round and symmetrical. Species Once you have established you tree is part of the Acer family, you need to identify the right specie. Big-leaf maple trees are hardy from in USDA growing zones 7-10 and grow along the Pacific coast to the west side of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada mountains. For a … Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. A special thanks to Adam Cottrill for providing the turned photo of this wood species. They are easily stripped of… Adults are remarkably well-camouflaged for sitting on trees. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). The 3 most popular type of maple trees are Maple Sugar, Red maple and Japanese Maple. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Uses: Burls. Relationships: There are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide.  Most are from eastern Asia.  North America is home to about a dozen.  Maples are popular ornamental trees and there are many cultivated varieties.  We have three native maple species in the Pacific Northwest:  Big-Leaf Maple and two more shrubby cousins, Vine Maple, Acer circinatum, and Douglas Maple, Acer glabrum. In fall, the foliage of 'Crimson King' maple turns a deep maroon. It is considered to be in the grouping of soft maples, and its wood is lighter, softer, and weaker than that of hard maple. The petiole can be to 5 cm (2 in) long. Distribution of Big-leaf Maple from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). The leaf of montpellier maple is small and three-lobed. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. Usage Requirements. As you can see by the (correct) drawing, bigleaf maple leaves are more deeply incised. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. Maple trees are deciduous trees, which belong to the Aceraceae family, and have about 128 different species. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Virginia Tech ID Fact Sheet + Landowner Fact Sheet, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Soft maple Scientific Name: Acer macrophyllum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays are wider than pores. Primarily a coastal species. Their body resembles a green leaf well, even down to leaf-like veins. The leaf of paper maple is divided into three parts. Long leaf stalk with milky sap. Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples, Vessels: small to medium; moderately numerous to numerous; heartwood deposits sometimes present. That brings up a very relevant question: is there any place on the web for references on leaf/flower/general shape of any and all of these no doubt magnificent trees? Yellow Catalpa. Red Alder. The isingle leaves are irregularly lobed. Few people realize that this highly popular purple-leaf maple tree is actually a form of the common Norway maple. Alnus rubra. From the little 8-foot (2.5 m.) Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. In this part of the site, you can identify trees, shrubs or perennials by the shape or color of their leaves. Find out about some of the most popular maple tree varieties in this article. “Peltate” means “shield-shaped; a flat structure borne on a stalk attached to the lower surface rather than to the base or margin” according to Plant Identification Terminology. Large, 5-lobed leaf: Both the sugar maple and the Norway maple have this characteristic, with the sugar maple leaf having a few large teeth and rounded spaces between the lobes. The Bigleaf maple is botanically called Acer macrophyllum. For a large shade tree, choose the big-leaf maple. The autumn color is yellow to red. They can be gathered from low branches or from the forest floor after a windstorm. It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow … Identical or Nearly Identical Species: Red maple … The 3 most popular type of maple trees are Maple Sugar, Red maple and Japanese Maple. Large, mature white ash in Branford center. United States, CA, Sacramento, Goethe Arboretum. Some, such as the Florida maple, have a small diameter, in the 2- to 3-inch range. The Bigleaf Maple. Very large. The diameter of the truck is between 36-48 inches (90 cm -120 cm). The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown. Growth: Big-Leaf Maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it ages. Phenology:  Bloom Period:  March to June before the leaves appear. United States, CA, Sacramento, Goethe Arboretum. Twigs, leaves and buds all help with ID. Leaves and twigs of that ash tree. Leaf: Opposite, 3 or 5 lobed. Others, including silver maple, stretch some 6 or 7 inches across from side to side. General Natural Range: British Columbia to Southern California. Propagation:  Seeds do not store well. Big leaf Maple in Fall is usually yellow, but sometimes tinged with orange. If a leaf has a divided blade—one that forms a collection of leaflets—it is considered a compound leaf. It is 3-6 cm (2.2-2.4 in) long and 3-7 cm (1.3-2.8 in) broad. The Bigleaf Maple is an excellent shade tree when grown in a large enough location with ample watering. about the bigleaf maple dieback issue, has raised awareness of another pathogen affecting bigleaf maple in California. The leaves fall in November. Samaras are also distinctive. The tree stands apart in its identification due to its distinctly shaped and arranged leaves. A typical maple tree leave has 3 to 9 veins in each leading to a lobe. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. The major maples have leaves that are divided into three to five lobes. Acer monspessulanum. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Soft maple Scientific Name: Acer macrophyllum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays are wider than pores. Tree Identification. Planted maple seedlings are susceptible … Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. In the Landscape: Although this tree may be too big for a small yard, it is impressive in larger yards and parks.  It effectively creates a shady and cool environment beneath its leafy branches, an ideal place for a picnic on a hot, summer day.  In fall, the leaves turn yellow, turning brown after falling, creating a carpet of large, brown leaves persisting through the winter. It is not a textbook, it’s a full color guide to tree ID. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. The leaf is hard and the margin is smooth. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. and they have an opposite leaf arrangement.Other trees with "maple-like" leaves—the sycamore, sweetgum, and yellow-poplar—have leaves that are alternate in arrangement. As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Nymphs (juveniles) look more like crickets or grasshoppers. Botanical name: Acer … Size is an important consideration when identifying maple leaves. Crataegus mollis. The wood has been used to make piano frames and the tree can be tapped for maple syrup. Licorice Fern and Mosses on Big Leaf Maple. In this article, you will learn about leaf identification and how to recognize the different parts and structures of tree leaves. If a leaf has an undivided blade, it is classified as a simple leaf. Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. Tree Leaf Identification: Begin with the basics – bark, leaves, branch structure, flowers, and fruit. Common Uses: Veneer, paper (pulpwood), boxes, crates/pallets, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items. Literally speaking, Birdseye Maple Wood refers to figure rather than specie.However, for all practical purposes, 95% of birdseye figure is found in Hard Maple lumber.Birdseye figure is occasionally found in Red Leaf Maple and Big Leaf Western Maple. Species Once you have established you tree is part of the Acer family, you need to identify the right specie. Thanks for your question. The petiole can be to 5 cm (2 in) long. Peterson. Max, yes! They are best sown as soon as they are ripe outside or in a cold frame.  Germination occurs in late winter or spring.  The seeds may also be soaked for 24 hours or warm stratified for 1-2 months, then cold stratified at 40ºF (4ºC) for 2-6 months.  Seeds and seedlings need to be protected from rodents, slugs and other, herbivores. and they have an opposite leaf arrangement.Other trees with "maple-like" leaves—the sycamore, sweetgum, and yellow-poplar—have leaves that are alternate in … Habitat: Although Big-Leaf Maple will grow on drier sites, it is often found along stream banks and does best on similarly moist sites—its leaves will grow bigger and more impressive when growing in moist, shady areas. Acer opalus. I keep it with me in my car wherever I travel. Big-Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) is the grande dame of the maple family. Rot Resistance: Being that the sapwood of maple is used, and not the heartwood, it is non-durable to perishable in regard to decay resistance. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. Tree Leaf Identification By Leaf And Size. When in full bloom, maple flowers should have a subtle but pleasant fragrance and sweet taste from their prolific nectar. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Katydids will remain very still when on alert, but will quickly fly away when threatened, scared or disturbed. Xyllela fastidiosa is transmitted from diseased to healthy plants by insects with piercing and sucking mouthparts. Types of Acer Maple Trees The Bigleaf Maple is an excellent shade tree when grown in a large enough location with ample watering. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Leaves are the most reliable way to identify a tree, since they’re found on or beneath the tree all year round, as opposed to the flowers and fruit that often only appear for a few … Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. The autumn colours is orange to red. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. Uses: Burls. A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - 61 cm). Red maple has a highly variable leaf shape, and some can look similar to sugar maple, but they are easily distinguished by serrations and the color of the leaf underside. Find out about some of the most popular maple tree varieties in this article. Catalpa ovata. Begin identifying your tree … Lumber and veneer especially when figured grain is present. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be all permeable soils, floodplains, tolerates soil lacking in nutrients. Literally speaking, Birdseye Maple Wood refers to figure rather than specie.However, for all practical purposes, 95% of birdseye figure is found in Hard Maple lumber.Birdseye figure is occasionally found in Red Leaf Maple and Big Leaf Western Maple. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. They are discernable by their opposite leaf arrangement and their veined and lobed. Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. As the common name claims, the leaves of this species are big. Compared with a simple leaf, the little leaves that make up a compound leaf are called leaflets and can be arranged in one of two ways: pinnately or palmately. At maturity, they can grow to about 100 feet tall with a spread of about 50 feet. Big-Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) is the grande dame of the maple family. Leaves are the most reliable way to identify a tree, since they’re found on or beneath the tree all year round, as opposed to the flowers and fruit that often only appear for a few weeks each year. Double samaras ripen September to October; most are dispersed by wind between October and January. Click on image to view plant details. Native to North America, boxelder (Acer negundo) trees are fast-growing, drought-resistant maple trees that produce minimal maple.These trees are also called box elder trees, ash-leaved maple and Manitoba maple. It is a fast-growing but short-lived maple, and in favorable conditions, it may grow as much as 80 feet in height. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple, https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/ec1450. Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple, soft maple, large maple, water maple, swamp maple, or white maple, is a species of maple native to the eastern and central United States and southeastern Canada. Big-Leaf Maple branches are often draped with mosses. Names: Big-Leaf Maple, sometimes called Oregon Maple, derives both its common name and its scientific name, macrophyllum, from the fact that it can have leaves up to 12 inches across–the largest of any maple! A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … The easiest way to tell these species apart using the leaves is to break a leaf off the twig. and a leaf-shape . Maple tree Gallery consists of two pages of maple tree images with an impressive maple tree photos page.. Tree Photo galleries on the left give you info about those different tree species, facts on the tree type and lots of great pictures of that tree.. If you don’t have the leaves to aid identification, the Big-Leaf Maple can be distinguished from other tree silhouettes in winter by looking for the tree with grayish-brown to reddish-brown bark and a distinctive pattern of interlacing … Leaf: Bud: Seed: 1: Acer campestre Hedge maple: 2: Acer circinatum Vine maple: 3: Acer ginnala Amur maple: 4: Acer glabrum Rocky mountain maple ... Silver maple: 15: Acer saccharum Sugar maple: Return to Hort 231 or to Plant List 4. Shrinkage: Radial: 3.7%, Tangential: 7.1%. They are easily identifiable by the 5 lobes (looks sort of like fingers on a hand), with 3 large lobes in the middle and 2 smaller lobes on the outer most part of the leaf. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m (99 - 131 ft) high. Hope this is … From the little 8-foot (2.5 m.) Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. Maples, plants in the genus Acer, are among the loveliest of trees, and Washington has three outstanding species: big-leaf maple, vine maple and Douglas maple are all valued ornamentals, but each has a situation in which it shines. The color is glossy dark green. Brenda, I agree it is probably not a big leaf maple leaf and suggest it could be Norway maple. It is often home to a variety of plants, insects, birds, and tree dwelling creatures. As the name suggests, the leaves are quite large on this tree. If the leaflets are arranged in rows up along a single center vein, it is a pinnately compound leaf. This variety makes a beautiful shade tree, while preferring full-sun exposure. Name: Acer platanoides 'Crimson King' Growing Conditions: Full Sun Leaf margins Dentate Double Entire serrate Lobed Serrate Leaf Margins: The edges or margins of the leaf are also used in identification. Tree Leaf Identification. ©J.S. The leaf margin is serrate and the petiole is often longer than the leaf … Use by Wildlife: The seeds, buds and flowers of Big-Leaf Maple are a favorite food of many small mammals and birds.  Douglas squirrels will cache the seeds.  Flower clusters are often found on the ground after they have been nibbled on by squirrels.  Deer and small mammals eat seedlings and saplings. Identification: See the article on Hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum).Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre).The most famous product from maple trees is the sweet maple … Most of the 13 native species of maples in North America do have somewhat similar foliage, but … The leaves can reach about a foot in diameter and blanket the forest in … June 3, 2003. Identical or Nearly Identical Species: Red maple and other soft maples. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. in mid-western North America, and the only maple with pinnately compound leaves. For more information, please see the article on the Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple. Bigleaf maple has the largest leaves of any North American maple [], ranging from 4 to 10 inches (10-25 cm) across [99,138].Trees in western Oregon had a mean area of 43 inches² (280 cm²)/leaf [].Male and female flowers are clustered on the same raceme [99,138,146]. In the fall, the leaves will turn a lovely red, yellow or orange color. Acer cissifolium. At maturity, they can grow to about 100 feet tall with a spread of about 50 feet. Allergies/Toxicity: Bigleaf maple, along with other maples in the Acer genus have been reported to cause skin irritation, runny nose, and asthma-like respiratory effects. You can compare them in the photos I've attached. The leaf arrangement is opposite. The major discriminate is the existence of the dark red color in the first 'true leaves,' as opposed to the seed leaves, which are green and more round than the true leaves. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. This tree is a key feature on the town green. This majestic tree is made even more interesting by the life it supports.  Its deeply ridged bark creates and ideal habitat for epiphytes (plants that grow on trees without soil), including many species of mosses and lichens as well as the Licorice Fern, Polypodium glycyrrhiza. Vine-leafed Maple. Grey Elm. While most of the species are native to Asia, quite a large number of them also grow in Europe, North America, and northern Africa. Xylella fastidiosa, a bacteria, is causing maple leaf scorch in northeast California (Woodruff 2011). Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs.
2020 big leaf maple identification